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BAR extols the virtues of native pigs with research initiatives


In 2005, Department of Agriculture-Bureau of Agricultural Research (DA-BAR) and the National Swine and Poultry Research and Development Center (NSPRDC) of the Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI) collaborated with other livestock agencies on projects that will beef-up the promotion, conservation, characterization and the commercialization of potential strains of native pigs. This led to series of gradual development of Philippine native swine particularly in the conservation, promotion, and commercialization.

The BAR-NSPRDC collaborative projects, “Development and Commercialization of Selected Strains of Philippine Native Pigs” and Commercialization, Evaluation and Commercialization of Philippine Native Pig”, were funded under the National Technology Commercialization Program (BAR-NTCP), a BAR banner program. Dr. Rene C. Santiago, center chief of the NSPRDC and the project proponent, has partnered the center with the local government units (LGUs) of Quezon and selected farmer-cooperators in Laguna and Quezon for promoting native swine.

The projects cover the establishment of baseline data for native pigs; recommending proper feeding rations; the generation of information on the existing native pig gene pool, breeding management and production, and selected strains of native pigs; and the development of processing technologies for meat and skins from selected strains. It also seek to strengthen the sector and, more importantly, empower the farmers to be locally-and internationally-competitive.


Production of native pigs can be a viable alternative for swine producers who cannot cope with the costly input requirements of commercial swine and those who do not have enough capital for housing and feeding. These animals can be raised without the use of chemical inputs and, as a desirable breed (for lechon and for its low-fat meat); it has high market potentials for those planning to engage in organic swine production. In addition, native pigs are very rich sources of genetic materials for local breed development and improvement programs, hence the necessity to conserve and preserve this breed.

Government support is an essential component in order for native animal’s production to be sustainable for the farmers. BAR supports the DA in ensuring the country’s native animals conservation through the provision of proper information and technologies generated through R&D.


As it continues to support the livestock program and that of the Philippine Native Animals Development (PNAD) of the DA, the bureau has coordinated and funded, as of September 2016, a total of 21 livestock and poultry related projects for the generation of reliable technologies on livestock production, management and post-production in collaboration with the various project proponents and farmers organization. Included to these are the bureau’s support to the center’s R&D facilities such as the upgrading of Native Pig Grower Pens and acquisition of audio-visual equipment. BAR also funded the establishment of PNAD Information System and Showroom through the Center for Environmental Law and Policy Advocacy, Inc. (CELPA Inc.).

BAR is the research and development (R&D) arm of the DA and the mandated national agriculture and fishery R&D coordinating agency, while the NSPRDC is under BAI’s Farm Operation Group dedicated to the development of the swine and poultry industries. The station is located in Tiaong, Quezon. ### Patrick R.A. Lesaca

BAR to highlight agricultural R&D initiatives in AgriLink 2016


For over a decade now, the Bureau of Agricultural Research (BAR) of the Department of Agriculture (DA) has been a constant partner in the annual conduct of AgriLink/ FoodLink/AquaLink. This will be done anew in the 23rd staging of AgriLink on 6-8 October 2016 at the World Trade Center in Pasay City.

The interesting feature of this year’s AgriLink is the continuation of its local focus with the theme, “Negros Island: A Model of Agribusiness Resiliency.” Many of the communities in Negros Island have been hotbeds for agribusiness, long before others even became aware of this school of thought. The Negros Island communities are particularly receptive of innovations introduced by agricultural research and development (R&D) and the island plays host to several agricultural research institutions, both public and private.

One instance of adoption of new technology, where BAR and its partners played a big role, is the utilization of sweet sorghum as a bioethanol feedstock by the San Carlos Bioenergy Inc. (SCBI) in San Carlos City for the production of fuel-grade ethanol with the sweet sorghum crop sourced from first-time growers in Sagay City. It is under such settings that BAR has been providing funding and other support for locally-implemented R&D projects under its two banner programs.

As the DA’s lead arm for agricultural research coordination and as one of the sponsors of AgriLink, BAR will participate in the activity with an exhibit and conduct of seminars. The exhibit will showcase R&D projects that are focused on technology ready for commercialization and on products resulting from such technologies. Most of these were developed under the BAR banner program, National Technology Commercialization Program, which is geared towards the development of micro enterprises and agribusiness ventures with BAR providing technical as well as financial assistance. Its other source of locally-developed technology is the banner program, Community-Based Participatory Action Research, which is a location-specific research cum extension that makes use of the participatory approach involving farming communities in designing research activities to ensure specificity and success of research-generated technologies under local conditions.

With both programs promoting agribusiness development at the regional level, BAR continues to support crop, livestock, and fisheries projects conducted by its local research partners with whom the bureau is in constant coordination with. These partners include the Regional Integrated Agricultural Research Centers, Regional Fisheries Research and Development Centers, Regional Field Offices, DA bureaus and attached agencies, local government units, state universities and colleges, and private sector institutions.

BAR will also be holding seminars on the first day with topics on homemade remedies from herbs and spices, indigenous crops in the Philippines, and mushroom production. ### (Victoriano B. Guiam, DA-BAR)

Gov’t eyes sustainable development of native animals; BAR lends R&D support


Prior to the creation of the Philippine Native Animals Development (PNAD) Program of the Department of Agriculture (DA), the Bureau of Agricultural Research (BAR) was already at work coordinating with the DA’s Livestock and Poultry Program in supporting and funding various R&D projects on native animals.

Eventually, the PNAD was created through DA Administrative Order No.15 in 2010. With various livestock agencies of the government and selected State Universities and Colleges as program partners, the program seeks to promote the conservation and utilization of domesticated native animals for food. BAR is a member of PNAD and is the lead coordinator for research and development (R&D).

To date, the bureau has coordinated and funded a total of 21 livestock and poultry related projects, all geared toward the generation of technologies on livestock production, management and post-production, closely collaborating with the various project proponents and farmers’ organizations.


The projects cover a range of efforts from strategy to refinement of techniques. These include sourcing of baseline data for native pigs, formulation of proper feeding rations for native animals, information on the existing native pig gene pool, breeding management and production, coming out with selected strains of native pigs, upgrading of organic and free-range native chickens, and development of processing technologies for meat and skins from selected native strains.

There is an existing niche market for native animal meat and other products and indications point to growth. Thus, there is need for efforts meant to strengthen the sector and, more importantly, empower the farmers to be locally-and internationally-competitive and enable them to lead in the niche’s progress. Government is at the forefront and its support is essential for native animal production to be sustainable for the farmers. BAR supports the DA in ensuring that the country’s native animals are, not only promoted, but conserved as well with the effective employment of its R&D arsenal. . ### (Patrick R. A. Lesaca, DA-BAR)

BAR R&D Tech Center displays products, disseminates technology info and research outputs


Launched on 7 August 2009, the R&D Technology Commercialization Center of the Bureau of Agricultural Research (BAR) serves as a place where one can see more than a hundred products, generated technologies, and research outputs produced through BAR’s banner programs: National Technology Commercialization Program (NTCP) and Community-based Participatory Action Research (CPAR).

Years of productive research have blessed the center with a continuing supply of new products to display. Presently, the products on display include wines from mango, bignay, duhat, pineapple, tamarind, oregano, ubi, sweet potato, sweet sorghum, cashew, zuriel, guyabano, blueberry, citrus, yacon, ybanag, rambutan, abiu, lipote, banaba, arius, adlay, tamarind, batuan, macopa, cacao, and santol; oregano (wine, juice, jam, vinegar, and soap); sweet sorghum (vinegar, wine, noodles, cookies, coffee, flour, jaggery, and syrup); seaweeds (marmalade, jam, chips, pickles, candies, noodles, torones, and dips); canned tuna and bangus; woven products (basket, native flower vase, and pandan bag from abaca and pineapple); cosmetic products like soaps, creams, and oils from sweet tamarind, lotus, okra and saluyot, VCO, turmeric, avocado, ginger, acapulco, papaya and sweet sorghum (hand sanitizer, and spray); soybean (3-in-1 and brewed coffee, veggie noodles, spreads); tea (chickpea, yacon, banana, miracle leaf, turmeric, oregano, native ginger, sweet basil, and sambong); coffee (sweet sorghum, pigeon pea, cacao, mungbean, marang, and soybean); coco sap sugar and nipa palm sugar; mango (dried mangoes, marmalade, pickles, huani mango, and vinaigrette); sapinit (juice, wine, and jam); makapuno (biscotti and string); citrus (cider, conserve jam, wine, and soap); capiz (lampshade and other products); adlay (crunch, nutri-meal, beauty soap, and breakfast cereal); batuan (sinigang powder, concentrate, candy, and powder); arrowroot powder and cookies; bee (honey, soap, propolis, and dishwashing liquid); malunggay powder and polvoron; cacao (chocolate kisses, tablea tops, and soap); chevon, and cereal preparations like gourmix.

Located at the lobby of the BAR Building, it has been a functioning hub for visitors looking to acquire further knowledge on innovative products including the latest information and technologies generated from agriculture and fisheries R&D. As such, the facility also serves as a one-stop-shop for information, technology guides, and other IEC materials. This greatly helps in disseminating new and reliable information regarding better ways of doing agriculture. Visitors, mainly farmers, researchers, government employees, private and public individuals, and students have visited the center for packages of technology (POT) for different priority commodities, feasibility studies and reports such as market studies and financial viability studies for different commodities or to inquire about crops in demand such as rice, rubber, soybean, cacao, and coffee and also for contact details of researchers who have conducted particular studies, among others. From January to August 2016, the R&D Tech Center served a total of 1, 200 visitors and received more than 1, 800 phone inquiries from different clienteles.

A masterlist of products on display, producers, technology generators, partner institutions and other relevant information has been put together at the TechComm Showroom to facilitate linkages among those interested in venturing into agribusiness. ### (Ma. Eloisa H. Aquino, DA-BAR)

BAR concludes 12th NTF; innovative R&D products highlighted

The Bureau of Agricultural Research (BAR), concluded the 12th Agriculture and Fisheries Technology Forum and Product Exhibition on 14 August 2016 at SM Mega Trade Hall 2, SM Megamall, Mandaluyong City. With the theme, “Pagsulong ng mga Teknolohiya sa Pamayanan tungo sa Maunlad na Pagsasaka at Pangingisda”, the four-day event highlighted important research-generated technologies supported and funded under the National Technology Commercialization Program (NTCP), one of BAR's banner programs. NTCP serves as a vital tool for the development of enterprises and the improvement of agriculture- and fisheries-related industries

One of the highlights of the NTF was the awarding of this year’s “Most Innovative Product”. The award is given to recognize newly-developed technologies generated from the bureau’s supported research and development (R&D) projects and initiatives. This is also part of the promotional activities of BAR, through NTCP, in launching new products to the public to attract a wider and more diverse market.

This year’s winners were: (1st place) Cream Cheese by the University of the Philippines Los Baños; (2nd place) Arrowroot Products by the Department of Agriculture-Regional Field Office 4A; and (3rd place) Nipa Salad Dressing by the Department of Agriculture-Regional Field Office 5.


Cream cheese from goat’s milk is an innovative product developed by the University of the Philippines Los Banos’ Dairy Training and Research Institute. The product can last for about three weeks when refrigerated. Goat’s milk is perfect for the health-conscious consumer as it is low in fat.

Arrowroot is the base ingredient for this award winning product that was developed by the DA-Southern Tagalog Integrated Agricultural Research Center in Region 4A. Used as an alternative for corn starch and baking soda, arrowroot powder can serve as the ingredient for foot powder as it also effective in absorbing moisture in the feet which normally causes the activity of odor-inducing bacteria.

Nipa syrup-based salad dressing was developed by the Regional Field Office in Bicol as part of promoting and expanding the underutilized Nipa sap. Just recently, agencies and agriculture-based organizations across the country have been exploring the potential of the Nipa palm and developing them into an array of products including sugar and beverage drink. The Philippines holds the record of being the country with the third largest area of nipa palm plantations in Asia.


Special citation for non-food product was also awarded to DA-RFO I for their micro nutrient seaweed balls; and special citation for innovative technology to DA-BFAR 5 for their seaweed tissue culture.

Entries were evaluated based on: 1) creativity and uniqueness; 2) relevance to food security; 3) health and wellness; 4) good product attributes; 5) packaging and labeling; and 5) market potential and competitiveness.

The NTF is an annual event of BAR, which happens every August and aims to identify, disseminate, and promote mature technologies in the fields of agriculture and fisheries. It also hopes establish and strengthen linkages and networks with private sector, non-government organizations, local government units, and other government agencies in terms of product marketing.

Around 95 exhibitors joined in this year’s NTF showcasing various products, services, and commerciable technologies on the following categories: high-value crops, natural products/ natural ingredients for health and wellness, organic agriculture, and climate change. ### (DA-BAR)