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DA-BAR holds 28th National Research Symposium; underscores role of R&D


With the theme, Sustainable Agriculture and Fisheries Productivity through Research and Development towards Food Sufficiency and Competitive Enterprises, the National Research Symposium (NRS) was successfully conducted by the Department of Agriculture-Bureau of Agricultural Research (BAR) on 26-27 October 2016. For this year, “BAR chose to focus on the role of research and development (R&D) in enabling the agri-fishery sector to become highly productive, globally competitive, climate resilient, and sustainable,” said BAR Director Nicomedes P. Eleazar.

Now on its 28th year, the NRS has consistently sought out high impact researches that can contribute to the achievement of the DA’s goals and objectives serving as a prestigious event where researchers and their work are given due recognition with citations and awards.

Highlighting the first day were presentations by the authors of the 24 research paper entries competing for the AFMA Best R&D Paper under the following categories: Applied Research in Agriculture, Technology Generation/Information Generation (TG/IG); Applied Research in Agriculture, Technology Adaptation/Technology Verification (TA/TV); Applied Research in Fisheries, TG/IG; Applied Research in Fisheries, TA/TV; Socio-economics; and Development in Agriculture. To qualify for presentation in the symposium proper, a research paper must have scored an average of 85 percent and above in the initial screening. Simultaneously conducted was the competition for Best Poster. This year, BAR received 134 research paper entries, a 21.8 percent increase as compared to last year’s entries which was only 110.


The winners were announced during the Closing Program of the 28th NRS at the Bureau of Soils and Water Management (BSWM) Convention Hall, Diliman, Quezon City on October 27, 2016.

In the “AFMA Best R&D Paper” category, five (5) papers brought home Gold Awards under various categories. These were:

  1. Applied Research TG/IG, Agriculture: “Inclusive and Sustainable Village-and Nypa-Based Bioethanol Industry Development” of Mariano Marcos State University (MMSU);
  2. Applied Research TA/TV – Agriculture: “Development and Performance Evaluation of a Village Level Coconut Water Processing System” of the Philippine Center for Postharvest Development and Mechanization (PhilMech).
  3. Socio-Economics: “Philippine Rice Competitiveness: Status, Prospects, and Directions” of Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice);
  4. Development in Agriculture(two awardees): “Technology Commercialization on Slaughter Goats (Triple Cross) in Pangasinan” and “Pinoy GOURmix Technology Commercialization in Region 02” of DA – Regional Field Offices 1 and 2, respectively.

Four (4) silver and seven (7) bronze awardees of the AFMA Best R&D Papers were also named.

For the “AFMA Best R&D Poster”, PhilMech won this year’s Gold and Bronze Awards for their posters on “Design, Testing, and Evaluation of Compact Rice Mill with Impeller Huller,” and “Development and Performance Evaluation of a Village Level Coconut Water Processing System,” respectively. The National Fisheries Research and Development Institute (NFRDI) bagged the Silver Award with their poster, “The Only Freshwater Sardinella (Sardinella tawilis) in the World: Its Spawning Patterns and Larval Distribution.”


Gracing the Closing Ceremony were Ariel T. Cayanan, DA Undersecretary for Operations and National Project Director of the DA-Philippine Rural Development Project representing Agriculture Secretary Emmanuel F. Piñol and Dr. Victor C. Atienza, representing DA Assistant Secretary for Livestock Dr. Enrico P. Garzon, Jr.

In the keynote message of Secretary Piñol, read by USec. Cayanan, he emphasized the pressing need to invest more in scientific research to improve productivity and ensure global food security and that the way to address agricultural challenges such as climate change, diminishing natural resources, rapid population growth, and yield losses is the insistence for greater technology innovation. He had words of encouragement for researchers from the DA regional offices (DA-RFOs) as well as from the State Universities and Colleges where he said, “Do what will make food available and affordable, and develop the tools for farming and fishing that will make a mark in the lives of the ordinary farmer and fisher.”

Two publications funded under the Scientific Public Grant of the Bureau of Agricultural Research were launched during the program. The first book was “Adlay Recipes” which aims to promote various recipes on the new staple, adlay, that was produced by DA-RFO 4A. The second was, “A Decade of Success: A Compendium of Agriculture and Fisheries R&D Projects Supported by the Bureau of Agricultural Research from 2005 to 2014” which is a compilation of various BAR-funded projects implemented by the DA-RFOs, Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, and state universities and colleges through these years. The seven finalists for the Gawad Saka Outstanding Agricultural Researcher (OAR) and Outstanding Agricultural Scientist (OAS) were likewise recognized.

The 28th NRS was spearheaded by the Institutional Development Division of the Bureau headed by Ms. Digna L. Sandoval. ### (DA-BAR)

Sweet delight from Nipa Palm


Nipa Palm (Nypa fruticans), a species of palm that grows along the coastlines and estuarine habitats, is commonly used in the Philippines as roofing material for bahay kubo or is processed as vinegar (sukang paombong) or wine (laksoy). A group of enterprising farmers in Surigao del Sur are now engaged in producing another product - natural sweetener from Nipa Palm.

Nipa palm sugar, with lower glycemic index, looks almost like coco sap sugar, being granulated from the sap of the Nipa Palm. Given its promising potential amid the increasing demand for organic products, the Foundation for Rural Enterprise and Ecology Development of Mindanao (FREEDOM), Inc. is implementing a project that aims to provide livelihood opportunities to coastal communities and increase the income of tappers and wine processors in Barangay Agsam in Lanuza, Surigao del Sur.

The growing consumer preference towards natural sweeteners is manifested by the increasing market share of different natural sweeteners such as coco sugar, Stevia, and nipa palm sugar. There is a large demand for natural sweeteners in the foreign market including United States and Europe.

Considering the strategic position of the Philippines, being the country with the third largest area of Nipa palm plantations in southeast Asia, a team led by Mr. Antonio S. Peralta of FREEDOM, Inc. set out to take greater strides in expanding the selection of locally made, world-class, nipa palm-based products. Peralta and his team drafted a research proposal that was eventually funded by the DA-Bureau of Agricultural Research which is entitled, “Adoption and Utilization of Nipa Palm Sugar Processing Technology in Lanuza, Surigao Del Sur.” Partnering with DA-BAR and FREEDOM would be the Sitio Ipil Wine Makers Association (SIWA) and the Municipality of Lanuza wherein the latter will have the full marketing contract to purchase the Nipa Palm sugar produced by SIWA members for resale to interested buyers.

The said project is funded under the National Organic Agriculture Program and coordinated by the bureau, through its National Technology Commercialization Program (NTCP). The project seeks to improve the Nipa Palm sugar product of the community, contribute to mangrove rehabilitation and protection, and strengthen local people’s organizations. Components of the project include organizing innovative sap processing technology training, product packaging and labeling, and market linking.


Before FREEDOM’s research project, the farmers in Barangay Agsam, Lanuza had depended on Nipa wine making, and rice and corn farming as their sources of income. With the help of the BAR-funded project, their income opportunities significantly increased. SIWA, the chosen project beneficiary, in partnership with FREEDOM, Inc., is now managing the common service processing facility and is responsible for producing high quality Nipa Palm sugar. The facility that produces the sugar on a weekly basis, houses a mechanical dryer that can process 40 kilograms of sugar per batch.

Members of SIWA were trained in, not only on the proper methods of tapping nipa sap and processing nipa palm sugar, but also the basics of organizational and financial management. SIWA was also equipped with the machinery and equipment needed to properly harvest and process the tree sap for sugar production. According to Fritz Escudero of FREEDOM, prior to the project, farmers were not particular with the sanitation required in making sugar out of nipa sap, but thanks to the training and field trips to accredited processing facilities, the SIWA members were made aware of these concerns which ultimately expedited their efforts to develop the quality of the Nipa Palm Sugar taste.

To date, the Nipa Palm products were able to penetrate the Eco Stores, a national chain of stores operating in Davao City and Cagayan de Oro. “Local coffee shops have also shown interest in using Nipa Palm sugar for different varieties of specialty coffee that they sell,” Mr. Peralta added.


Presently, nipa palm sugar is packed in 150-gram stand up pouches. These are sold at PhP 150.00 per pouch. The product was favorably received during the Davao Agri Trade Expo (DATE) held at SMX Global in Lanang, Davao City, one of the major agri trade fairs in the country drawing both local and foreign buyers. Also, the Nipa Palm sugar was awarded as the “Best New Product” in the 11th Agriculture and Fisheries Technology Forum and Product Exhibition held by BAR in August 2015 at the SM Megamall in Mandaluyong City. “The award served as fuel to SIWA members to cooperate more for the project,” Mr. Peralta shared.

SIWA members highly appreciate the series of training activities as well as capacity building seminars facilitated by FREEDOM, Inc. to further improve their skills on Nipa Palm sugar processing and farm production management. Terrencio Orillaneda, a member of SIWA, commented that the training has helped them develop their production of Nipa Palm sugar into a viable micro enterprise. Other members have also come to recognize the value of the training provided to them as it has helped them manage their association in a professional manner.

“We have established a ‘Farmer Climate Field School’ to support the good agricultural practices that we are introducing in the project. Production standards and proper training for farmers which were introduced under the project will improve the quality of Nipa Palm sugar,” Mr. Peralta said.

According to John Largo, Officer-in-charge of the Municipal Environment and Natural Resources Office, not only has the project helped in increasing the farmer’s source of income but it has also elevated their awareness of climate change. Ever since becoming beneficiaries of FREEDOM’s project, members of SIWA have become more involved in the LGU’s activities aimed at protecting the environment such as tree planting projects and awareness campaigns during town festivals. This level of enthusiasm is significant for Largo’s municipality since the town is in close proximity to large-scale mining sites.

Today, FREEDOM and SIWA are in the next phase of the project which involves expanding nipa plantation areas and Nipa Palm sugar and wine processing facilities across Surigao del Sur while simultaneously securing the needed accreditations for both the Azucar de Lanuza enterprise and its processing facilities. Both Lanuza and FREEDOM look forward to day that Nipa Palm Sugar would soon penetrate, not only the larger local market, but also be exported internationally. ### (Ma. Eloisa H. Aquino and Ephraim John J. Gestupa)

For more information, please contact:
Mr. Antonio Peralta
Executive Director, FREEDOM, Inc. 
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

3rd CPAR Congress to highlight progressive agrifishery through R&D


The 3rd Community-based Participatory Action Research (CPAR) Congress is set once again to bring together CPAR farmers and fishers, project leaders, researchers, and partners as they highlight and share noteworthy accomplishments, success stories and relevant technologies out of CPAR on November 15-16, 2016 in Clark, Pampanga.

This year’s congress is expecting about 250 participants coming from the Department of Agriculture (DA) national and regional offices, members of the Local Government Units (LGUs), and CPAR farmer beneficiaries and adopters from different parts of the country.

CPAR, one of the flagship programs of the Bureau of Agricultural Research (BAR), has been benefiting a total of 11,517 farmers nationwide for the past 17 years. It was in 2014 when BAR institutionalized the yearly conduct of the CPAR Congress, which is now perceived to effectively bring out the best among stakeholders, especially the local farmers and fishers through showcasing of matured technologies while forging stronger linkages leading to a better implementation of CPAR.

With this year’s theme, “Masaganang Buhay para sa Magsasaka’t Mangingisdang Pilipino sa Pamamagitan ng Progresibong Agrikulturang Pananaliksik at Pag-unlad,” the congress carries a timely vision of a food secure, progressive agrifishery in lieu of the DA’s pronouncements under its new administration, focusing on food sufficiency and maximum productivity of Filipino farmers and fishers.

Relevant to this pursuit, the congress will feature topics that will showcase outstanding project results comprising of Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) implementation, community organization, production management, marketing and product development, rollover scheme/financial management, LGU support, enterprise development, effective collaborations, and participatory monitoring and evaluation.

There will also be presentations of special topics relevant to improving the CPAR implementation such as market linkaging, farmers’ business school, and agritourism by invited experts from DA- Agribusiness and Marketing Assistance Service (AMAS), DA-Agricultural Training Institute (ATI), and Ms. Rose Mary Aquino of DA-CVRC, respectively.

Also, there will be an exhibit of various products developed through the CPAR projects, as well as posters depicting processes, implementation, and significant results and project impact of CPAR.

For BAR, service to the agrifishery frontliners—the farmers and fishers— is the focus of the CPAR program. ### (Daryl Lou A. Battad)

For more information on the congress, please send email to
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or call (02) 920-0227.

BAR, CLSU participate in DA-led Philippine Harvest Trade Fair


The Department of Agriculture, in partnership with Stores Specialists, Inc. (SSI) and Central Square, organized the third leg of the Philippine Harvest Trade Fair from 14 to 16 October 2016 in Central Square, Bonifacio Global City, Taguig.

Dubbed as Organic, Artisinal, Natural and Indigenous Agri Food Fair, the event aimed to showcase the country's local and natural products, and to give importance to the farmers and their local produce. Agriculture Secretary Emmanuel Piñol expressed his support to agricultural entrepreneurs and the promotion of Philippine products, which according to him, are truly world-class.


"Participants [of the trade fair] are farmers who grow the produce themselves and local entrepreneurs who buy from these small farmers.A lot of farmers and local entrepreneurs like participating because the more they know that there are good and quality local ingredients, the more they are encouraged to plant. This encourages our consumers to support and buy local produce, thus helping our farmers," Agriculture Undersecretary Bernadette Romulo-Puyat said.

Now on its third leg, she added that 'We were supposed to have it only once, but we found out that many of those who came to visit were surprised of the good quality of our local produce.'

The Bureau of Agricultural Research (BAR) is one of the 43 invited exhibitors and showcased its funded-project on tilapia, specifically tilapia ice cream and other product lines developed by one of its partners, Central Luzon State University. Tilapia ice cream won the Innovation Gold Award during the Salon International de L’Agroalimentaire (SIAL) ASEAN Manila 2016 held at the World Trade Center in Pasay City, Manila.


BAR recognizes the importance of participating in trade shows and exhibitions that serve as a venue to promote generated technologies and developed products by its partner R&D institutions, as well as to facilitate market linkages.

Other showcased products during the three-day fair include heirloom and organic rice; herbs, spices and sauces; organic vegetables; bee and other wellness products; mushroom; coffee; juices, tea and wines from indigenous fruits; dairy products among others. ### (Ma. Eloisa H. Aquino, DA-BAR, Applied Communication Division)

2016 Agrilink opens, BAR booth visited by gov’t and DA officials


Dubbed as the country’s largest annual international agribusiness event, the “2016 Agrilink/Foodlink/Aqualink” opened on 6 October 2016 and will run until 8 October 2016 at the World Trade Center, Metro Manila.

Gracing the first day of the event were Senate Committee on Agriculture and Food Vice Chairperson Cynthia A. Villar, Department of Agriculture (DA) Secretary Emmanuel F. Piñol, DA Undersecretary for Agribusiness and High Value Crops Evelyn G. Laviña, DA Assistant Secretary for the Visayas Atty. Hansel O. Didulo, and Bureau of Agricultural Research (BAR) Director Nicomedes P. Eleazar, along with other government officials and members of the Diplomatic Corps.

As one of the major sponsors and exhibitors of the three-day event, BAR featured in its booth a Philippine map showcasing champion commodities from each region wherein BAR has provided R&D support. The map was inspired by the “Color Coded Agriculture Guide Map” of President Rodrigo R. Duterte and DA Secretary Piñol that will serve as a guide for farmers on the appropriate crop to be planted in a specific location.


Also showcased was the Technology Commercialization on Wheels (TCOW), an initiative of BAR under its National Technology Commercialization Program, together with the University of the Philippines Los Baños-College of Development Communication that seeks to improve local agricultural conditions and enhance the social marketing appeal of agricultural commodities by bringing Package of Technologies (POTs) to communities through a mobile exhibit truck.

DA Secretary Piñol appreciated the TCOW initiative and said that further intensification of extension-related activities in the agriculture department will be pushed early next year. Aside from the agriculture secretary, other officials who visited the BAR booth included Senator Villar, Undersecretary Laviña, Assistant Secretary Didulo, and Director Eleazar.

During the first day, BAR likewise conducted three seminars with topics on herbs and spices, indigenous crops, and mushroom production. ### (DA-BAR)