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The Philippine agriculture remains highly vulnerable to the effects of changing climate. A lot of farmers and fisher folks still lack resources and technical knowledge in coping with climate variability and continue to be at grave risk. Improving the farmers' adaptive capacity and encouraging mitigating measures in the sector of agriculture should at this point be given priority in order to effectively address potential negative impacts of climate change.

Climate change starts to be evident in the country causing observed changes in the amount and intensity of rainfall through out the country. Studies have shown the potential threats of climate change in the agriculture and fisheries sectors. Increased variability of rainfall associated with climate change affects soil erosion rates and soil moisture which negatively impact productivity. Increased incidence of pests and diseases alongside with the emergence of new ones exacerbates this problem and further dampens the crop yield of many farmers. Likewise, the fisheries sector is faced with the threat of hotter water, high sedimentation and wave activity, sea level rise, decreased water oxygen level and ocean acidification which adversely affect the supply of aquatic resources. Overall, these effects of climate change pose great threat to the country's food security.

Urgent responses should be undertaken in order to effectively address the approaching negative effects of climate change. Acting now will help minimize the potential damage climate change may inflict on the agricultural sector.

Mitigation strategies can be undertaken through lowering greenhouse gas emissions and exerting efforts on carbon sequestration to make gradual, if not avoid, the phenomenon of climate change. While contributing on mitigation, it is imperative to undertake adaptive strategies that would help our farmers and fisher folks cope with the consequences and impacts of climate change. Farmers and fisher folks should be helped in dealing with the changes in temperature, length of growing season and frequency of extreme weather which are all associated with climate change.

Many mitigation and adaptation options utilize existing technologies which can be readily implemented in various locations in the country. But to further ensure the efficacy of future mitigation and adaptation measures, existing technologies must be improved and new ones must be developed.

In this regard, it is necessary to conduct researches that would focus on mitigating climate change and improving the adaptive capacity of farmers and fisherfolks. Recognizing the seriousness of such need on climate change mitigation and adaptation research initiatives, the Bureau of Agricultural Research came up with this program. Through this program, a direction is laid for research and development activities on agriculture that would strategically target issues connected with climate change.


This program aims to contribute to the country's efforts to combat the impacts of climate change to the agriculture and fisheries sectors through research and development. Specifically, the program tries to attain the following objectives:

  1. Generate technologies for the mitigation and adaptation on climate change;
  2. Improve the adaptive capacity of the farmers and fisherfolks through provision of relevant technologies and information;
  3. Improve agricultural/fishery resources management practices;
  4. Develop new, cleaner and more efficient technologies;
  5. Breed plants/animals/fishery resources that are more resilient to climate variability;
  6. Develop tools to encourage tillage and soil management practices that improve soil carbon storage;
  7. Assess the vulnerability of aquatic and marine resources to climate change ;
  8. Evaluate and promote current best management practices for methane and nitrogen management in agriculture;
  9. Assess the potential cost efficiencies of biofuel for the agricultural sector; and
  10. Promote the use of cost-effective alternatives to fossil fuel use in agriculture.