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Rationale

The Republic Act 9367, otherwise known as the Biofuels Act of 2006 is the response of the Philippine Government to the quest for more alternative renewable sources of fuel and energy. With the recent enactment into law of the RA 9367 last January 12, 2007, the mandatory use of biofuels shall be enforced in support to the government's goal in reducing dependence on imported fuels with due regard to the protection of public health, the environment and natural resources.

The Biofuels Law aimed to attain the following objectives:

  1. develop and utilize indigenous renewable and sustainably-sourced clean energy sources to reduce dependence on imported oil;
  2. mitigate toxic and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions; and
  3. increase in rural employment and income; and ensure the availability of alternative and renewable clean energy without the detriment to the natural ecosystem, biodiversity and food reserves of the country.

Upon implementation of the Biofuels Act, it shall mandate the following provisions:

  1. Bioethanol - 5% minimum bioethanol blend to gasoline within two (2) years from the effectivity of the law; 10% minimum blend, two (2) years thereafter;
  2. Biodiesel - 1% minimum biodiesel blend to gasoline within three (3) months from the effectivity of the law; 2% minimum blend, two (2) years thereafter.

The Department of Agriculture (DA), as a member agency of the National Biofuels Board, is being designated the following responsibilities pursuant to the law:

  1. Coordinate with the DOST in identifying and developing viable and quality feedstock, including production and primary postharvest processing technologies for biofuels;
  2. Within three (3) months from the effectivity of the Act, develop a national program for the production of crops for use as feedstock supply. For this purpose, the Administrators of the Sugar Regulatory Administration (SRA) and the Philippine Coconut Authority (PCA), and other DA-Attached Agencies, within their authority, shall develop and implement policies in support of the National Biofuels Program and submit the same for consideration and approval by the Secretary of the DA;
  3. Ensure increased productivity and sustainable supply of biofuel feedstocks. The DA shall institute a program that would guarantee that a sufficient and reliable supply of feedstocks is allocated for biofuel production;
  4. Publish information on available and suitable areas for cultivation and production of biofuel crops, available and accessible technologies, sources of planting materials, and financial assistance;
  5. In cooperation with SRA, PCA and other attached agencies, and bureaus, shall undertake the identification and publication of potential areas suitable for the expansion and production of raw materials as feedstocks for biofuels;
  6. Undertake biofuel feedstock research and development which may include identifying new feedstock, developing high yielding varieties, and developing new processing technologies technologies in cooperation with public and private research agencies, and international research institutes; and
  7. Promulgate such necessary rules and regulations necessary to implement its mandate under the Act.

Given the abovementioned mandate, the DA, in collaboration with PCA, SRA, UPLB, BAR, BPI, PFC, PAFC, and other concerned government and private entities, has crafted the DA Biofuel Feedstock Program in support and compliance to the provisions of the Biofuels Act. The DA Biofuel Feedstock Program covers strategies in ensuring sufficiency of feedstock supply for both biodiesel and bioethanol production. The DA through the biofuels feedstock program, intends to consolidate all aspects in the supply chain in the feedstock production. The program is also geared at encouraging investors to venture into biofuels production.

Departments Involved in the Biodiesel Program
  • Department of Agriculture (DA)
    • Bureau of Agricultural Research (BAR)
    • Bureau of Plant Industry (BPI)
    • Philippine Coconut Authority (PCA)
    • Sugar Regulatory Administration (SRA)
  • Department of Energy (DOE)
  • Department of Finance (DOF)
  • Department of Science and Technology (DOST)
  • Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR)
  • National Biodiesel Board (NBB)